Without a doubt I can say that as a child of GOD, I am under the NEW Covenant! The NEW is not the old covenant placed in my heart, it is a totally NEW Covenant with new commands (some are exacty like the old, some have a deeper inner meaning, some are brand new), new way to live, new way to relate to GOD and it also has been placed in my heart by the Holy Spirit!!
This post like the first seven will come from the perspective that JESUS is God’s son….God himself and that the whole bible (old and new) is full of God’s words, not man’s and therefore we can trust that GOD made sure that we had one book that is a completely reliable source of information for us to have faith in and live by.
I want to officially start this post with the words of a friend.
“………the New Covenant is equally His word, God breathed. We cannot, and (are not meant to, even if we want to,thinking it would be God pleasing) keep the whole of the Old Covenant – We cannot and should not sacrifice bulls and goats to make atonement for our sins. We cannot and should not sacrifice birds when people have a dreaded disease, or banish them from our midst, requiring them to call out “unclean” if anyone approaches. We do not and should not stone disobedient sons. Because God’s law written now on our hearts, has truly given us His own way of dealing with this things by His Spirit. Our atonement is made through confession and repentance, by the shed blood of Yeshua on the cross, and our cleansing is made by His forgiveness in love. The unrepentant sinner cannot receive that forgiveness and cleansing until his heart turns, and if it does not, his soul will be dead,but we are not to physically kill him. No doing these things does not mean we are throwing out our beloved and holy Torah and letting it fizzle. It means that we are living the Torah written upon the heart, in the light of God’s new covenant, and not making the Lord’s death, resurrection and ascension to have been in vain.”~~ My friend Sue R.
When I read my friends words, I wanted to shout, YES, YES, YES, Thank YOU FATHER!! Her words expressed my thoughts but much better than I could express them. We are Torah Observant (following GOD’s instructions), when we with a love for GOD continually choose to learn about and walk in HIS ways by allowing the Holy Spirit to do HIS work in us! We are not walking in disobedience by claiming that we are under the NEW and not the old! We are not walking in disobedience by looking at the NEW testament, and trusting the guidance of the Holy Spirit to lead us in the way we should go. We are not disrespecting the old by acknowledging that HE gave the NEW, and accepting the changes that came with it. Just as the old was a gift when GOD gave it, the NEW is also a precious gift given to GOD’s people. GOD had a plan from the very beginning of time that included both the old and the NEW. Today let us with joy embrace the beauty of both covenants but choose to live, and abide in the NEW, and better covenant!
Now to look at a few more of the commands GOD ave under the old:
Servants, slaves, etc.
If she does not please her master, who has designated her[a] for himself, then he shall let her be redeemed. He shall have no right to sell her to a foreign people, since he has broken faith with her. Ex 21:8
But if a priest buys a slave as his property with his money, that one may eat of it, and those who are born in his house may eat of his food. Lev. 22:11
“If a man strikes his male or female slave with a rod and he dies at his hand, he shall be punished. Ex 21:20
There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free man, there is neither male nor female; for you are all one in Christ Jesus. Gal. 3:28
I believe under the NEW all people are equal in GOD’s eyes, I do not believe GOD would want us to go to a have servants and slaves like that. Though GOD did make provisions for the servants and slaves to be well taken care of under the old covenant. I believe that this was a cultural arrangement for that time and it is not for today.
“IF a …………”
1[a] “If a man steals an ox or a sheep, and kills it or sells it, he shall repay five oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a sheep. 2[b] If a thief is found breaking in and is struck so that he dies, there shall be no bloodguilt for him, 3but if the sun has risen on him, there shall be bloodguilt for him. He shall surely pay. If he has nothing, then he shall be sold for his theft. 4If the stolen beast is found alive in his possession, whether it is an ox or a donkey or a sheep,he shall pay double.
5“If a man causes a field or vineyard to be grazed over, or lets his beast loose and it feeds in another man’s field, he shall make restitution from the best in his own field and in his own vineyard.
6“If fire breaks out and catches in thorns so that the stacked grain or the standing grain or the field is consumed, he who started the fire shall make full restitution.
In Exodus 22; it goes on and on listing out commands, what we see, are commands to do right; treat others well, take responsiblity for your own actions, do what you can to keep people safe, treat each other with respect, etc…
We do not live in the same culture, community, etc that the people did under the old covenant, so we are not able to follow these commands as they are spelled. So under the NEW we are not compelled to obey these specific commands but we are expected to obey the same principles of these commands. See scriptures below.
9Love must be sincere. Hate what is evil; cling to what is good. 10Be devoted to one another in brotherly love. Honor one another above yourselves. 11Never be lacking in zeal, but keep your spiritual fervor, serving the Lord. 12Be joyful in hope, patient in affliction, faithful in prayer. 13Share with God’s people who are in need. Practice hospitality.
14Bless those who persecute you; bless and do not curse. 15Rejoice with those who rejoice; mourn with those who mourn. 16Live in harmony with one another. Do not be proud, but be willing to associate with people of low position.c Do not be conceited.
17Do not repay anyone evil for evil. Be careful to do what is right in the eyes of everybody. 18If it is possible, as far as it depends on you, live at peace with everyone. 19Do not take revenge, my friends, but leave room for God’s wrath, for it is written: “It is mine to avenge; I will repay,”d says the Lord. 20On the contrary:
“If your enemy is hungry, feed him;
if he is thirsty, give him something to drink.
In doing this, you will heap burning coals on his head.”e
21Do not be overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good.~~Romans 12
Who can live near you
31 And I will set your border from the Red Sea to the Sea of the Philistines, and from the wilderness to the Euphrates, for I will give the inhabitants of the land into your hand, and you shall drive them out before you. 32 You shall make no covenant with them and their gods. 33They shall not dwell in your land, lest they make you sin against me; for if you serve their gods, it will surely be a snare to you.” Ex. 23
And He said to them, “Go into all the world and preach the gospel to all creation.~~Mark 16:15
If possible, so far as it depends on you, be at peace with all men.~Romans 12:18
Now under the Mosaic laws in the old Covenant GOD gave the people land and then HE told them that non-believers (pagans and idolaters) couldn’t live in their land. Well, we can’t abide by this law because we don’t live on land that GOD specifically gave us as HE did the Israelites, and we can’t stop someone no matter their beliefs from buying property right beside ours. Though I believe under the NEW, GOD would not want us to fight against someone moving next door just because they were an unbeliever. HE would want us to show love to whoever our neighbor might be, and to share HIM with them anytime we can.
Offerings and Sacrifices
Starting in Leviticus 1 and continuing on, and on, you will find command, after command on the different types of offerings and sacrifices. If you believe Jesus is the son of GOD…..GOD made flesh and HE gave up HIS mortal life as the perfect sacrifice and offering for us, than you know we do not have to obey all these commands. If you do not believe JESUS is what I described, yet you believe in GOD and HIS old covenant, than you need to start obeying these commands. If you say you believe in JESUS, and you believe in the NEW Covenant, yet you also say you are still bound to the Mosaic laws, than you need to start making these offerings and sacrifices. I know both unbelievers of JESUS and believers in JESUS yet whom want to be Torah Observant will say we can’t because there is no temple and no priest. I will say YES, and AMEN! GOD explained in the old that HE was going to make a NEW Covenant, HE said in the NEW that when there was a change in the priesthood, there had to be a change in the law. He also said that the NEW made the old obsolete. So it’s not that we are still bound to them yet can’t obey those commands, it’s that we don’t have to obey them. JESUS fulfilled every purpose of every single sacrifice and offering that had been commanded in the old. We are under the NEW and those commands are not included in the NEW Covenant. Thank You JESUS!!
presented him as a sacrifice of atonement,i through faith in his blood. He did this to demonstrate his justice, because in his forbearance he had left the sins committed beforehand unpunished—Romans 3:25
so Christ also, having been offered once to bear the sins of many, will appear a second time for salvation without reference to sin, to those who eagerly await Him. Hebres 9:28
What to eat or can not, what you can touch and can not touch
1And the LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying to them, 2“Speak to the people of Israel, saying, These are the living things that you may eat among all the animals that are on the earth. 3Whatever parts the hoof and is cloven-footed and chews the cud, among the animals, you may eat. 4Nevertheless, among those that chew the cud or part the hoof, you shall not eat these: The camel, because it chews the cud but does not part the hoof, is unclean to you. 5And the rock badger, because it chews the cud but does not part the hoof, is unclean to you. 6And the hare, because it chews the cud but does not part the hoof, is unclean to you. 7And the pig, because it parts the hoof and is cloven-footed but does not chew the cud, is unclean to you. 8You shall not eat any of their flesh, and you shall not touch their carcasses; they are unclean to you…………….
In Leviticus 11 GOD goes into detail about what the Israelites can eat, and can be touched and what not to eat or not touch. So how do we look at this list today. Well, one thing to consider is at first GOD only gave vegetation to eat, we do know that there was a distinction between clean, and unclean animals for sacrifices before the flood but we do not know if this distinction had anything to do with what could or couldn’t be eaten, since we do not know if anyone even ate meat before the flood. After the flood GOD clearly said that anything and everything could be considered food.
Everything that lives and moves will be food for you. Just as I gave you the green plants, I now give you everything. Genesis 9:3
“The grant of sustenance is no longer confined to the vegetable, but extended to the animal kinds, with two solemn restrictions. This explains how fully the animals are handed over to the will of man. They were slain for sacrifice from the earliest times. Whether they were used for food before this time we are not informed. But now “every creeper that is alive” is granted for food. “Every creeper” is everything that moves with the body prone to the earth, and therefore in a creeping posture. This seems to describe the inferior animals in contradistinction to man, who walks erect. The phrase “that is alive” seems to exclude animals that have died a natural death from being used as food.”~~Barne’s Note’s on the Bible
So how do we look at this list in Leviticus in light of the NEW Covenant?
“men who forbid marriage and advocate abstaining from foods which God has created to be gratefully shared in by those who believe and know the truth.” For everything God created is good, and nothing is to be rejected if it is received with thanksgiving, 5because it is consecrated by the word of God and prayer. 1 Timothy 4:3-4
“He who observes the day, observes it for the Lord, and he who eats, does so for the Lord, for he gives thanks to God; and he who eats not, for the Lord he does not eat, and gives thanks to God.” Rom. 14:6
Jesus called the crowd to him and said, “Listen and understand. What goes into a man’s mouth does not make him ‘unclean,’ but what comes out of his mouth, that is what makes him ‘unclean.’” Matthew 15:10-11
Therefore no one is to act as your judge in regard to food or drink or in respect to a festival or a new moon or a Sabbath day– Colossians 2:16
If I take part in the meal with thankfulness, why am I denounced because of something I thank God for? so whether you eat or drink or whatever you do, do it all for the glory of God. 1 Corinthians 10: 30-31
Taking all those scriptures in consideration I would say that no, under the NEW Covenant we are not held to that list of do’s and don’t in reference to animals. I also have one more scripture that I think supports the idea that GOD does not hold us to those commands in reference to clean and unclean animals.
For the kingdom of God is not eating and drinking, but righteousness and peace and joy in the Holy Spirit. Romans 14:17
Actually it might be a good idea to read and ponder all of Romans 14 .
I think this is a great stopping point for this post. Again in my reading, hearing, researching and listening to the Holy Spirit, I am sure that as a believer in JESUS I am under a NEW Covenant, and with the NEW brought change. I am in no way bound by the laws given at Mt Sinai. I do believe I am bound to read all of GOD’s word so I can see a complete picture of who GOD is and how HE did relate to people in the old and how HE relates to people under the NEW. When I take the words of the NEW Testament to heart, determine to live by those words and allow the Holy Spirit to do HIS work in me, than I am certain I am pleasing to my GOD!!
I hope you might read the words in my first five-post in reference to the New Covenant:
For further consideration check out these article @ Hebrew for Christians: Should Christians follow the law of Moses , Are Christians restored to the Sinai Covenant , Which commandments do you choose to obey , 613 Commandments of Torah (Old Covenant)